Crystal Growth –Processing And Techniques
Introduction: Crystal growth, Velocity of growth , Theories and mechanism of growth, Twinning, growth twins, Deformation twins, Transformation twins, Growth in the solid state recrystalization and grain growth.

Crystal Growth Techniques: Growth from melt, Thermodynamic principles and crystal growth equilibria, Nucleation from solution, Melt, vapour and solid phase.

Preparation of Single Crystals: Czochralski method, Bridgman method growth from epitaxy.

Purification: Zone refining and floating zone methods.

Epitaxial Growth: Lattice matching in epitaxial growth, Liquid –phase epitaxy, Vapour phase epitaxy, Molecular beam epitaxy, Growth for polycrystalline materials, Quality assessment by X-ray diffraction and optical techniques, Current trends in crystal growth, Quantum wells and superlattices, Heterostructures, Photochemical deposition, Growth and characterization of large crystals for devices.

Recommended Books:
  • Azaroff, L.V., Introduction of Solids, McGraw Hill (1960).
  • Vere, A.W., Crystal Growth, Principles and Progress, Springer (1988).
  • Streetman, B.G., Solid State Electronic Devices, PHI, (2005)
  • Fleming, M.C., Solidification Processing, McGraw Hill (1974)