Course Syllabi: UES011 : Thermo Fluids (L : T : P :: 3 : 1 : 2)


1. Course number and name: UES011 Thermo Fluids


2.      Credits and contact hours: 4.5 and 6


3.      Text book, title, author, and year


Text Books / Reference Books

         Kumar, D. S, Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Power Engineering, S. K. Kataria (2009)

         Cengel and Boles, Thermodynamics: an Engineering Approach, McGraw-Hill (2011)

         Jain, A. K. , Fluid Mechanics: including Hydraulic Machines, Khanna Publishers (2003)

         Rao, Y.V. C, An Introduction to Thermodynamics, Universities Press (2004)


a.       Other supplemental materials



4.      Specific course information

a.       Brief description of the content of the course (catalog description)

Fluid Mechanics

Introduction: Definition of a fluid and its properties

Hydrostatics: Measurement of pressure, thrust on submerged surfaces

Principles of Fluid Motion: Description of fluid flow; continuity equation; Euler and Bernoulli equations; Pitot total head and static tubes, venturi-meter, orifice-meter, rotameter; Momentum equation and its applications

Pipe Flow: Fully developed flow; laminar pipe flow; turbulent pipe flow, major and minor losses; Hydraulic gradient line (HGL) and total energy line (TEL)

Boundary Layer: Boundary layer profile; displacement, momentum and energy thickness


Introduction: Properties of matter, the state postulate, energy, processes and thermodynamic systems;

Properties of Pure Substances: property tables, property diagrams, phase change, equations of state (ideal gas);

Energy: Energy transfer by heat, work and mass;

First Law of Thermodynamics: Closed system, open system, steady-flow engineering devices;

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Statements of the Second Law, heat engines, refrigeration devices, reversible versus irreversible processes, the Carnot cycle.

Laboratory/Project programme

List of Experiments

1.      Verification of Bernoulliís theorem

2.      Determination of hydrostatic force and its location on a vertically immersed surface

3.      Determination of friction factor for pipes of different materials

4.      Determination of loss coefficients for various pipe fittings

5.      Verification of momentum equation

6.      Visualization of laminar and turbulent flow, and rotameter

7.      Calibration of a venturi-meter

8.      Boundary layer over a flat plate


Sample List of Micro-Projects

Students in a group of 4/5 members will be assigned a micro project. 

1.      Design a physical system to demonstrate the applicability of Bernoulliís equation

2.      Determine the pressure distribution around the airfoil body with the help of wind tunnel.

3.      Demonstrate the first law of thermodynamics for an open system, for example: a ordinary hair dryer.

4.      Develop a computer program for solving pipe flow network.


5.      Specific goals for the course

After the completion of this course, the students will be able to:

      Analyze and solve problems of simple fluid based engineering systems including pressures and forces on submerged surfaces .

      Analyze fluid flow problems with the application of the mass, momentum and energy equations.

      Evaluate practical problems associated with pipe flow systems.

      Conceptualize and describe practical flow systems such as boundary layers and their importance in engineering analysis.

      Estimate fluid properties and solve basic problems using property tables, property diagrams and equations of state.

      Analyze and solve problems related to closed systems and steady-flow devices by applying the conservation of energy principle.

      Analyze thesecond law of thermodynamics for various systems and to evaluate the performance of heat engines, refrigerators and heat pumps.


6.      Brief list of topics to be covered


         Pipe flow

         Fluid mechanics