Prerequisite(s): None

Course Objectives: To understand the concepts of Biological Measurement, to enable selection, design and configuration of Biomedical Instruments

Characteristics of Transducers and Electrodes for Biological Measurement: Introduction to human body, block diagram, classification, characteristics, Various physiological events, Bioelectric potentials.

Cardiac System: Cardiac musculature, Electro cardiography, ECG recording, Phonocardiography, Holter recording ECG lead system, Heart rate meter, Vector cardiography, Blood pressure measurement, Pacemakers, Defibrillators.

Respiratory System: Mechanics of breathing, Parameters of respiration, Respiratory system measurements, Respiratory therapy instruments and Pulse-oximeter.

Instrumentation for Measuring Nervous Function: EEG signal, Frequency band classification, Lead systems, EEG recording, Clinical applications of EEG signal.

Neurological signal processing: Brain and its potential, EEG signal and its characteristics, EEG analysis, Linear prediction theory, Auto regressive methods, Recursive parameter estimation, Spectral error measure, Adaptive segmentation, Transient detection and elimination.

Biomedical imaging: Infrared imaging, principles of ultrasonic measurements, ultrasonic diagnosis, ultrasonic imaging systems, Doppler, X ray machine, Fluoroscopy, Computed tomography, Principles of sectional imaging, scanner configuration, data acquisition system, image formation principles, 2D image reconstruction techniques. Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Principles of MRI, pulse sequence, image acquisition and reconstruction techniques, MRI instrumentation, Functional MRI, Application of MRI, comparison of imaging modes, Introduction to Fusion imaging.

Telemedicine: Definition and scope, Types, Applications and Advantages, Challenges, Legal and Ethical issues. Compression and Analysis of Bio-signals for Telemedicine.

Laboratory Work: Experiments around Polyrite, ECG, EEG, Spirometer, Pulse-oximeter, Sphygmomanometer and Bio-signal digital analysis.

Course Outcomes:After the completion of this course the student will be able to:

Recommended Books

  1. Carr. John M Brown., Biomedical Instrumentation, Prentice Hall of India (2000) 4thed.

  2. Proakis, J.G. and Manolakis, D.K., Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall of India (2006) 4th ed.

  3. Tompkins, W.J., Biomedical DSP, PHI Learning (2009).