PEI201 BIOMEDICAL INSTRUMENTATION AND TELEMEDICINE

 

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4.0

Prerequisite(s): None

 

Characteristics of Transducers and Electrodes for Biological Measurement :  Introduction to human body, block diagram, classification, characteristics, Various physiological events, Bioelectric potentials.

 

Cardiac System: Cardiac musculature, Electro cardiography, ECG recording, Phonocardiography, Holter  recording ECG lead system, Heart rate meter, Vector cardiography, Blood pressure measurement, Pacemakers, Defibrillators.

 

Respiratatory System: Mechanics of breathing, Parameters of respiration, Respiratory system measurements, Respiratory therapy instruments and Pulse-oximeter.

 

Instrumentation for Measuring Nervous Function: EEG signal, Frequency band classification, Lead systems, EEG recording, Clinical applications of EEG signal, X-ray CT scan, MRI, PET.

 

ECG Analysis: ECG signal characteristics, Sampling basics, Power spectrum of ECG, Band pass filtering techniques, Differentiation techniques, Template matching techniques,  A QRS detection algorithm, ECG interpretation, ST segment analyzer, Potable arrhythmia monitor. Data reduction techniques like Turning point algorithm, AZTECH algorithm, Fan algorithm, Huffman coding, SPIHT using wavelets and other techniques.

 

Neurological signal processing: Brain and its potential, EEG signal and its characteristics, EEG analysis, Linear prediction theory, Auto regressive methods, Recursive parameter estimation, Spectral error measure, Adaptive segmentation, Transient detection and elimination.

 

Telemedicine:  Definition and scope, Types, Applications and Advantages, Challenges, Legal and Ethical issues. Compression and Analysis of Bio-signals for Telemedicine.

 

Laboratory Work:   Experiments around Polyrite, ECG, EEG, Spirometer, Pulse-oximeter, Sphygmomanometer and Bio-signal digital analysis. 

 

Recommended Books

  1. Carr. John M Brown., Biomedical Instrumentation, Prentice Hall of India (2000) 4th ed.
  2. Proakis, J.G. and Manolakis, D.K., Digital Signal Processing, Prentice Hall of India  (2006) 4th ed.
  3. Tompkins, W.J., Biomedical DSP, PHI Learning (2009).