Course Objective: To introduce the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and illustrate their applications in the design of chemical process plants.


Review of Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics: Energy and entropy balances, Equilibrium criteria, Chemical potential, Fugacity, Activity, Raoult's law, Fugacities in gas mixtures: Virial equation of state, Fugacities in liquid mixtures: Ideal solutions, excess functions, Gibbs-Duhem equation.


Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids: Thermodynamic properties from volumetric and thermal data, Equations of state, Fugacity of components in a mixture, Phase equilibria from an equation of state, Prediction of enthalpy departure and VLE characteristics from equation of state, Intermolecular forces and Potential functions: Ion-ion dipole, induction and dispersion forces, repulsion, specific chemical forces, Hydrophobic interaction and entropy effects, Theory of corresponding states.


Free Energy Models: Margulus, RK, Wohl Wilson, NRTL, UNIQUAC, UNIFAC methods.


Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium: Partial miscibility, LLE analysis, Supercritical analysis.


Multi-Component Mixtures: Fugacities in liquid mixtures, Van Laar theory, Scatchard-Hildebrand theory, Lattice model.


Non-Ideal Thermodynamics: Gas mixtures, Non-linear phase equilibrium, Molecular thermodynamics, Molecular theory of fluids.


Course Learning Outcomes (CLO):

1.      Understand the terminology associated with engineering thermodynamics and have knowledge of contemporary issues related to chemical engineering thermodynamics

2.      Knowledge of phase equilibria in two-component and multi-component systems

3.      Ability to estimate thermodynamic properties of substances in gas or liquid state of ideal and real mixture

4.      Ability to predict intermolecular potential and excess property behavior of multi-component systems

Recommended Books:

1.      Smith, J.M., Van Ness H.C., and Abbott, M.M., Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill (2004).

2.      Sandler, S.I., Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley (1999).

3.      Kyle B.G., Chemical and Process Thermodynamics, Prentice - Hall (2004).

4.      Saad A.M., Thermodynamics: Principles and Practice, Prentice - Hall (1997).