PCH101 CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

 

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Course Objective:

To introduce the principles of chemical engineering thermodynamics and illustrate their applications in the design of process plants.

 

Review of Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics: Energy and entropy balances, Equilibrium criteria, Chemical potential, Fugacity, Activity, Raoult's law, Fugacities in gas mixtures: Virial equation of state, Fugacities in liquid mixtures: Ideal solutions, excess functions, Gibbs-Duhem equation.

 

Thermodynamic Properties of Fluids: Thermodynamic properties from volumetric and thermal data, Equations of state, Fugacity of components in a mixture, Phase equilibria from an equation of state, Prediction of enthalpy departure and VLE characteristics from equation of state, Intermolecular forces and Potential functions: Ion-ion dipole, induction and dispersion forces, repulsion, specific chemical forces, Hydrophobic interaction and entropy effects, Theory of corresponding states.

 

Free Energy Models: Margulus, RK, Wohl Wilson, NRTL, UNIQUAC, UNIFAC methods.

 

Liquid-Liquid Equilibrium: Partial miscibility, LLE analysis, Supercritical analysis.

 

Multi-Component Mixtures: Fugacities in liquid mixtures, Van Laar theory, Scatchard-Hildebrand theory, Lattice model.

 

Non-Ideal Thermodynamics: Gas mixtures, Non-linear phase equilibrium, Molecular thermodynamics, Molecular theory of fluids.

 

Recommended Books:

1.      Smith, J.M., Van Ness H.C., and Abbott, M.M., Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Tata McGraw-Hill (2004).

2.      Sandler, S.I., Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley (1999).

3.      Kyle B.G., Chemical and Process Thermodynamics, Prentice - Hall (2004).

4.      Saad A.M., Thermodynamics: Principles and Practice, Prentice - Hall (1997).